Dr. Maria Pieters, head of the MycoLab at the University of Minnesota has edited, in collaboration with Drs. Dominiek Maes and Marina Sibila, a newly published book on swine Mycoplasmas. Mycoplasmas in Swine provides up-to-date scientific, clinical and practical information useful to scientists and veterinarians alike. Most emphasis has been placed on Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, as this is economically the most important Mycoplasma sp. in swine. However, other pathogenic species like Mycoplasma hyorhinis, Mycoplasma hyosynoviae and Mycoplasma suis are discussed.Continue reading “Mycoplasmas in swine: a new comprehensive book”
In this newly released article from the MycoLab in the Veterinary Microbiology journal, Dr. David Pillman working with Dr. Maria Pieters shares his results regarding detection of two mycoplasma species and how this was correlated with lameness scores in nursery and finishing pigs.
- M. hyorhinis was frequently detected in oral fluids in nursery and finisher herds
- High detection of M. hyosynoviae in oral fluids was observed in finisher herds.
- Proportion of lame pigs and M. hyosynoviae detection in oral fluids were correlated.
New PhD-graduate Talita Resende described in this open-access publication from the Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation conjunctivitis cases in 3 wean-to-finish barns. After extensive investigation, Mycoplasma hyorhinis was identified as a causative agent.Continue reading “Swine conjunctivitis outbreaks associated with Mycoplasma hyorhinis”
Today, we are sharing an original research article published by the MycoLab and Dr. Maria Pieters in PLOS One regarding detection patterns for 2 species of mycoplasmas in sows and piglets.
The objectives of this study were to:
- describe when Mycoplasma hyorhinis and Mycoplasma hyosynoviae can be detected in piglets and is sows,
- assess if there was a correlation between detection of the mycoplasmas in the sow and in the piglet, and
- assess if there was a correlation between lameness and mycoplasma detection.
Under the conditions of this investigation, dams appeared to be consistently positive for both M. hyorhinis and M. hyosynoviae prior to weaning.
In contrast, higher detection was observed in piglets at week 3, in comparison to week 1 post-farrowing, with M. hyorhinis, while detection of M. hyosynoviae was remarkably minimal.
The relative risk of developing lameness in postweaning piglets was highly associated with the detection of M. hyorhinis at 3 weeks of age
This research article is available in open-access on the PlOS One website.Continue reading “Mycoplasma hyorhinis and Mycoplasma hyosynoviae dual detection patterns in dams and piglets”
- Mycoplasma hyorhinis can cause polyserositis and arthritis in post-weaning pigs.
- To study M.hyorhinis‘ prevalence based on age, nasal swabs were taken from pigs at 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70 and 77 days as well as from sows, in 3 different Minnesotan herds (A, B, and C).
- 8.8% of the sows were positive for M.hyorhinis in herds A and B whereas 3.3% of the sows were positive in herd C.
- The percentage of positive piglets (<21 days of age) was low: between 0 and 10% depending on the herds.
- At 28 days of age, the prevalence of M.hyorhinis in pigs increased dramatically to around 50% in herd A and 100% in herd B. After 42 days of age, the prevalence in those herds stayed above 95%.
- The prevalence in herd C stayed close to 0% until the pigs reached the age of 77 days, time at which the prevalence increased to 100%.
Did you see our Science page on Mycoplasma hyorhinis and swine conjunctivitis?
Mycoplasma hyorhinis is one of the causative agents of polyserositis and arthritis in postweaning pigs. Knowledge regarding colonization frequency and age distribution in modern pig production is lacking. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of M hyorhinis colonization in different age groups across three commercial pig populations. Nasal swabs were collected from sows, piglets and nursery pigs of different ages. Oral fluids were collected from nursery pigs. Necropsies were performed to assess the presence of M hyorhinis-associated disease. M hyorhinis was detected in 5/60 sows in herd A, 3/60 in herd B and none in herd C. In herd A and B, the prevalence was low in preweaning piglets (∼8 per cent) and high in postweaning pigs (∼98 per cent). A total of 7/8 oral fluids tested PCR positive in herds A and B, while 1/8 tested positive in herd C. In herd C, the preweaning and postweaning prevalence was low. In herds A and B, necropsied pigs had polyserositis lesions where M hyorhinis was detected by PCR. This study showed that prevalence of M hyorhinis colonization varies with pig age and across farms. Information generated will aid in the design and implementation of control and prevention strategies.